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John Keats who died at the age of twenty-five published only fifty-four poems in his lifetime.  On leaving school in 1810 he was apprenticed to a apothecary-surgeon.  His first efforts at writing poetry seem to have commenced in 1814.  In 1815 he quit his apprenticeship and became a student at Guy's Hospital. However, despite his poor finances he also left Guy's in 1816 to concentrate on poetry.

Keats has always been regarded as one of the principal figures in the Romantic movement, and despite criticism during his lifetime, his stature as a poet has steadily grown through all the changes of fashion.

His letters published in 1848 and 1878, have come to be regarded with almost as much admiration given to his poetry.  T.S. Eliot (1888-1965) described the letters as 'certainly the most notable and important every written by any English poet'.

Drabble, Margaret, editor, 2000, The Oxford Companion to English Literature 6th edition, Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp. 550-551.        

 Ode to a Nightingale (1819)

 My heart aches, and a drowsy numbness pains

  My sense, as though of hemlock I had drunk,

Or emptied some dull opiate to the drains

  One minute past, and Lethe-wards had sunk:

'Tis not through envy of thy happy lot,

  But being too happy in thine happiness -

       That thou, light-winged Dryad of the trees,

             In some melodious plot

Or beechen green, and shadows numberless,

  Singest of summer in full-throated sense.


Library resources

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History and criticism


  • John Keats by Robert Gittings
  • John Keats: the living year by Robert Gittings.  Nearly all of Keats great poems were written in 365 days of a single year.  The book concentrates on this important year in the poet's life.


  • Online at Project Gutenberg

    Much of John Keat's poetry is in the public domain and can be read or downloaded from the Project Gutenberg site.  You can also view some criticism and interpretation of his work from the same link.  Search here.


Study notes

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  • Bate, Walter, Jackson, 1964, 'The Ode 'To autumn', Keats: a collection of critical essays, Prentice-Hall, Inc., pp. 155-162.



On our shelves:

  • Encyclopaedia Britannica
    World Book Encyclopedia



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Web Resources


Criticism and interpretation:

 Additional resources:

Other John Keats's poems online