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Surrealism officially emerged as a movement in art, although no necessarily a movement in the visual arts, with the 1924 publication of a manifesto by the French poet Andre Breton. Surrealism was an artistic, intellectual, and literary movement and the Surrealists sought to overthrow the oppressive rules of modern society by demolishing its backbone of rational thought.

 'Surrealism is destructive, but it destroys only what it considers to be shackles limiting our vision.'

Salvador Dali