The Mycenaeans dominated mainland Greece from 1600-1200 BC. They lived in small separate kingdoms but shared the same language and way of life. They were great warriors and traders, but their world entered a period of decline in 1200 BC, called the Dark Ages.
The Mycenaeans based their cities, and their economy, around palaces. The heavily fortified palace complex was built on top of a hill so that it could be easily defended from attack. This type of city was known as an acropolis or 'high city'.
Ganeri, Anita, (2015), Ancient Greece, BookLife, King's Lynn, England, pp.4-5.
Use the following resources to find out: Why did this ancient culture disappear?
On our shelves:
Remember you will need your user name and password to log on.
- Britannica eStax - Ancient Greece edited by Michael Anderson
- Tames, Richard, (1999), Step into ... Ancient Greece, Lorenz Books, London, pp.12-13.
General encyclopedia on our shelves:
Online [from our subscription databases]:
Remember you will need your username and password to log into the following books:
- Ancient Greece: Mycenae
- British Museum: Minoans and the Mycenaeans
- Classical Wisdom Weekly: The Rise, The Fall, and the mystery of the Mycenaeans
- Greece: Secrets of the past - The Mycenaeans
Other web resources:
- Ancient Scripts - Mycenaean language: Linear B
- Heilbrun: Timeline of Art History: Mycenaean civilization