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The Mycenaean


The Mycenaeans dominated mainland Greece from 1600-1200 BC.  They lived in small separate kingdoms but shared the same language and way of life.  They were great warriors and traders, but their world entered a period of decline in 1200 BC, called the Dark Ages.

The Mycenaeans based their cities, and their economy, around palaces.  The heavily fortified palace complex was built on top of a hill so that it could be easily defended from attack.  This type of city was known as an acropolis or 'high city'. 

Ganeri, Anita, (2015), Ancient Greece, BookLife, King's Lynn, England, pp.4-5.

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