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On 7 December 1941, the Japanese navy attacked Pearl Harbour.  At the same time their army launched assaults on Malaya, Hong Kong and the Philippines; from there the Japanese armies swept across southeast Asia at an alarming rate.  When Singapore fell in February 1942 Australia lost an entire Australian division.  The Pacific War developed into a a conflict primarily fought by aircraft carriers, and by infantry in jungles and on Pacific Islands.

Grant, R, 2008, World War II: the events and their impact on real people, Dorling Kindersley, London