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A young Jewish girl named Anne Frank, her parents and older sister moved to the Netherlands from Germany after Adolf Hitler and the Nazis came to power in 1933 and made life increasingly difficult for Jews. In 1942 Anne Frank and her family went into hiding in a secret apartment behind her father's business in German-occupied Amsterdam. The Franks were discovered in 1944 and sent to the concentration camps; only Anne's father Otto survived. 

Anne Frank's diary of her family's time in hiding, first published in 1947, has been translated into almost 70 languages and is one of the most widely read accounts of the Holocaust.

'Anne Frank' 2008, History