Over the centuries, the origin and purpose of Stonehenge has attracted a mix of science and speculation. Nobody is able to say how Stonehenge ought to look, because there has never been a definitive version. Stonehenge has been constantly evolving. It began as a circular earthwork 4000 years ago with bluestones brought from Wales.
We should not therefore assume that Stonehenge is as constant as it is ancient. It has often been changed - the stones have collapsed, been realigned, restored and repeatedly vandalized. Conservation continues to be an issue. Today they may only be viewed from behind a perimeter fence.
Bastable, J, Candlin, A., editors, (2005), 'Wandering stones: Stonehenge has been altered many times - even in our own age', in The truth about history: how new evidence is transforming the story of the past, Readers Digest, London, pp.66-69.
Use the following resources to find out: This was an amazing achievement by people who had limited technology, but what is it? A calendar? A religious site? Something built by aliens?
On our shelves:
- Scarre, Chris, editor, (1999), 'Stonehenge', The Seventy wonders of the ancient world: the great monuments and how they were built, Thames & Hudson, London, pp.92-96.
General encyclopedia on our shelves:
Subject encyclopedia on our shelves:
- Exploring Ancient civilizations. Volume 10 - Stonehenge. pp. 724-725
Online [from our subscription databases]:
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- Ancient History Encyclopedia - Stonehenge
- Ancient Mysteries: Stonehenge: secrets of an ancient monument