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Introduction

Bauhaus:  from the German, meaning ‘house of architecture’, from Bau ‘building’ + Haus ‘house’.

Oxford Living Dictionary

Bauhaus was a school of applied arts established by Walter Gropius in Weimar in 1919 and noted for its refined functionalist approach to architecture and industrial design. It ran courses on everything from wall painting to furniture, textile design and theatre, it was a fertile environment for cross-disciplinary innovation, run on a medieval workshop basis where 'masters' such as Wassily Kandinsky, Paul Klee and Oskar Schlemmer would develop work alongside students.

Bauhaus, in Fortenberry, D, edt. 2014, Art in time: A world history of styles and movements. London: Phaidon Press, pp. 154-155.

 In 2019 Germany is celebrating 100 years of the Bauhaus, itself an indication of the ongoing influence of this school and movement.