Article Index

Introduction

Bauhaus:  from the German, meaning ‘house of architecture’, from Bau ‘building’ + Haus ‘house’.

Oxford Living Dictionary

Bauhaus was a school of applied arts established by Walter Gropius in Weimar in 1919 and noted for its refined functionalist approach to architecture and industrial design. It ran courses on everything from wall painting to furniture, textile design and theatre, it was a fertile environment for cross-disciplinary innovation, run on a medieval workshop basis where 'masters' such as Wassily Kandinsky, Paul Klee and Oskar Schlemmer would develop work alongside students.

Bauhaus, in Fortenberry, D, edt. 2014, Art in time: A world history of styles and movements. London: Phaidon Press, pp. 154-155.

 In 2019 Germany is celebrating 100 years of the Bauhaus, itself an indication of the ongoing influence of this school and movement.


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  •  Ludwig Hirschfeld Mack (1893-1965). Hirschfeld Mack enrolled at the Weimar Bauhaus in 1919 and studied under Johannes Itten, Paul Klee and Wassily Kandinsky, and was apprenticed to Lyonel Feininger in the print workshop. He was deported to Australia in 1940 and soon after his release from detention in 1942, was appointed to the position of art master at Geelong Grammar School.  As part of the celebration for the Bauhaus centenary the Geelong Gallery is featuring some Hirschfeld Mack's work.
  • Australian Dictionary of Biography: Ludwig Hirschfeld Mack 
  • Ayers, Ed. 2019. 'How Ludwig Hirschfeld Mack brought Bauhaus to Australia.' ABC Radio - The Arts Show , 3 April.  [Available as an audio download: 13:38]

Further examples of Ludwig Hirschfeld Mack's art may be viewed at: