Referencing is important as this is how you acknowledge the books and other material you have used to write an essay or conduct your research. To copy or use somebody’s work without acknowledgement, and treat it as your own, is plagiarism. It is fine to use other people’s ideas, data, words and images, as well as material from the Internet, as long as you show who created the material and where you got it from.

Reference systems may differ from subject to subject so always check with your teacher about which system they would like you to use.

The New South Wales Board of Studies has a program designed to help Year 11 and 12 students follow the principles and practice of good scholarship. You may also find it useful to look at All My Own Work. It includes information on establishing good referencing practices, understanding plagiarism and copyright, and working with others.

Remember also that help is as close as the Library staff. They are more than happy to work through any issues you may have with referencing ... and it is never to early to start.

Other tools that will help you:

The Office of Tasmanian Assessment, Standards & Certification suggests that you refer to the University of Tasmania’s Referencing and assignment writing page for extended help you may need when constructing a referencing list or bibliography.

The TASC also approve the use of BibMe. BibMe is a free automatic citation creator that supports MLA, APA, Chicago, and Turabian formatting. BibMe leverages external databases to quickly fill citation information for you. BibMe will then format the citation information and compile a bibliography according to the guidelines of the style manuals. If you prefer, you can enter your citation information manually. BibMe also features a citation guide that provides students with the style manuals' guidelines for citing references.

 Mary MacKillop Library's Referencing Fact Sheets

Middle School

Senior School

TASC has advised that students of English Literature in 2016 should now use MLA-8 (Modern Languages Association) as the preferred referencing system.  Additional information on MLA may be found at:


Online Referencing generators

There are many online referencing generators you can use. All should be used with caution, as the layout and order of information may not be the one required by your teacher. However, they can be away for you to file and save lists of resources that you use.

The CiteThisForME free referencing generator allows for you to produce a reference list in a range of styles, including Harvard and APA. They also have an app you can download to your device.

APA Referencing

How to write an APA style reference list.

Harvard or Author /Date referencing

Writing a list in the Harvard referencing style.

The Mary MacKillop Library has the following referencing guides: Harvard: an introductionfor the Middle School and Harvard (Author/Date) for the Senior School. There is also Harvard guide to referencing multi-media material. You can also find a guide to APA Referencing and Oxford or the Traditional Note system: